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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <stddef.h>
#include <iosfwd>
#include <memory>
#include <type_traits>
#include "polyfills/base/base_export.h"
#include "base/cxx17_backports.h"
#include "base/memory/raw_ptr.h"
#include "base/strings/string_number_conversions.h"
#include "base/strings/string_piece.h"
namespace gurl_base {
namespace debug {
// A crash key is an annotation that is carried along with a crash report, to
// provide additional debugging information beyond a stack trace. Crash keys
// have a name and a string value.
// The preferred API is //components/crash/core/common:crash_key, however not
// all clients can hold a direct dependency on that target. The API provided
// in this file indirects the dependency and adds some convenience helpers that
// make the API a bit less clunky.
// TODO(dcheng): Some of the nicer APIs should probably be upstreamed into
// //components/crash.
// Preferred usage when a crash key value only needs to be set within a scope:
// SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING32("category", "name", "value");
// gurl_base::debug::DumpWithoutCrashing();
// If the crash key is pre-allocated elsewhere, but the value only needs to be
// set within a scope:
// gurl_base::debug::ScopedCrashKeyString scoper(
// GetCrashKeyForComponent(),
// "value");
// Otherwise, if the crash key needs to persist (e.g. the actual crash dump is
// triggered some time later asynchronously):
// static auto* const crash_key = gurl_base::debug::AllocateCrashKeyString(
// "name", gurl_base::debug::CrashKeySize::Size32);
// gurl_base::debug::SetCrashKeyString(crash_key);
// // Do other work before calling `gurl_base::debug::DumpWithoutCrashing()` later.
// ***WARNING***
// Do *not* write this:
// gurl_base::debug::SetCrashKeyString(
// gurl_base::debug::AllocateCrashKeyString(
// "name", gurl_base::debug::CrashKeySize::Size32),
// "value");
// As this will leak a heap allocation every time the crash key is set!
// The maximum length for a crash key's value must be one of the following
// pre-determined values.
enum class CrashKeySize {
Size32 = 32,
Size64 = 64,
Size256 = 256,
struct CrashKeyString;
// Allocates a new crash key with the specified |name| with storage for a
// value up to length |size|. This will return null if the crash key system is
// not initialized.
// Note: this internally allocates, so the returned pointer should always
// be cached in a variable with static storage duration, e.g.:
// static auto* const crash_key = gurl_base::debug::AllocateCrashKeyString(...);
BASE_EXPORT CrashKeyString* AllocateCrashKeyString(const char name[],
CrashKeySize size);
// Stores |value| into the specified |crash_key|. The |crash_key| may be null
// if AllocateCrashKeyString() returned null. If |value| is longer than the
// size with which the key was allocated, it will be truncated.
BASE_EXPORT void SetCrashKeyString(CrashKeyString* crash_key,
gurl_base::StringPiece value);
// Clears any value that was stored in |crash_key|. The |crash_key| may be
// null.
BASE_EXPORT void ClearCrashKeyString(CrashKeyString* crash_key);
// Outputs current (i.e. allocated and non-empty) crash keys to `out`.
BASE_EXPORT void OutputCrashKeysToStream(std::ostream& out);
// A scoper that sets the specified key to value for the lifetime of the
// object, and clears it on destruction.
class BASE_EXPORT ScopedCrashKeyString {
ScopedCrashKeyString(CrashKeyString* crash_key, gurl_base::StringPiece value);
ScopedCrashKeyString(ScopedCrashKeyString&& other);
// Disallow copy and assign.
ScopedCrashKeyString(const ScopedCrashKeyString&) = delete;
ScopedCrashKeyString& operator=(const ScopedCrashKeyString&) = delete;
// Disallow move assign to keep the time at which the crash key is cleared
// easy to reason about. Assigning over an existing instance would
// automatically clear the key instead of at the destruction of the object.
ScopedCrashKeyString& operator=(ScopedCrashKeyString&&) = delete;
raw_ptr<CrashKeyString> crash_key_;
// Internal helpers for the SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_... helper macros defined below.
// The static_assert that checks the length of |key_name| is a compile-time
// equivalent of the GURL_DCHECK in crash_reporter::internal::CrashKeyStringImpl::Set
// that restricts the name of a crash key to 40 characters.
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL2(category, name, nonce, data, \
key_size) \
static_assert(::gurl_base::size(category "-" name) < 40, \
"Crash key names must be shorter than 40 characters."); \
::gurl_base::debug::ScopedCrashKeyString scoped_crash_key_helper##nonce( \
[] { \
static auto* const key = ::gurl_base::debug::AllocateCrashKeyString( \
category "-" name, key_size); \
return key; \
}(), \
// This indirection is needed to expand __COUNTER__.
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL(category, name, nonce, data, \
key_size) \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL2(category, name, nonce, data, key_size)
// Helper macros for putting a local variable crash key on the stack before
// causing a crash or calling CrashWithoutDumping(). `category` and `name`
// should be string literals.
// SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING32("MyCategory", "key_name", "value");
// will set the crash key annotation named "MyCategory-key_name" to "value"
// while in scope.
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING32(category, name, data) \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL(category, name, __COUNTER__, (data), \
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING64(category, name, data) \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL(category, name, __COUNTER__, (data), \
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING256(category, name, data) \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING_INTERNAL(category, name, __COUNTER__, (data), \
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_BOOL(category, name, data) \
static_assert(std::is_same<std::decay_t<decltype(data)>, bool>::value, \
"SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_BOOL must be passed a boolean value."); \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING32(category, name, (data) ? "true" : "false")
#define SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_NUMBER(category, name, data) \
SCOPED_CRASH_KEY_STRING32(category, name, ::gurl_base::NumberToString(data))
// The following declarations are used to initialize the crash key system
// in //base by providing implementations for the above functions.
// The virtual interface that provides the implementation for the crash key
// API. This is implemented by a higher-layer component, and the instance is
// set using the function below.
class CrashKeyImplementation {
virtual ~CrashKeyImplementation() = default;
virtual CrashKeyString* Allocate(const char name[], CrashKeySize size) = 0;
virtual void Set(CrashKeyString* crash_key, gurl_base::StringPiece value) = 0;
virtual void Clear(CrashKeyString* crash_key) = 0;
virtual void OutputCrashKeysToStream(std::ostream& out) = 0;
// Initializes the crash key system in base by replacing the existing
// implementation, if it exists, with |impl|. The |impl| is copied into base.
BASE_EXPORT void SetCrashKeyImplementation(
std::unique_ptr<CrashKeyImplementation> impl);
// The base structure for a crash key, storing the allocation metadata.
struct CrashKeyString {
constexpr CrashKeyString(const char name[], CrashKeySize size)
: name(name), size(size) {}
const char* const name;
const CrashKeySize size;
} // namespace debug
} // namespace base